25 June 2022

The Presidential Government System Experience in Turkey

The Presidential Government System Experience in Turkey


The system debate is arguably the most pressing and consequential subject of Turkish politics. Turkey has been having a governmental system discussion for a period of time, and the next few years will appear to be in intense debate and search.

The 150-year (1876-2017) Turkish parliamentary system experience often dealt with interruptions. As a result, it has not only failed to produce general satisfaction in politics and society but also has been unsuccessful in yielding economic stability. Similarly, the outcome of the last five years of the Presidential Government System (or the Presidential System with its widespread use) could not generate stability.

The search and discussion of the governmental system appear to be the most critical topic of politics for the next few years. Meeting this demand and preparing enhanced research on the governmental system will play an essential role in the quest for a possible change.

Within the framework of this program as a project of CATS Network, Ankara Institute plans to publish ten academic analyzes that will contribute to the search for systems over the next year in order to meet this end. The research plans to conduct two workshops with the participation of stakeholders that we predict will contribute to the system discussion and hold a detailed public opinion survey.

This program aims to contribute to the search for a system that walks through almost only the power-opposition dynamics through a rather harsh contrast, with academic knowledge, common sense recommendations, and detailed data.

The Presidential Government System Experience in Turkey (Serap Yazıcı) is the second report on governmental system series.




The Ankara Institute is located in Ankara, Turkey. Our teams include academics, former members of the parliament, senior advisers to the Turkish prime ministers and ministers, analysts from prominent think-tanks, NGO directors, and media professionals with many years of experience. We do have extensive experience of working and partnering with leading global think-tanks, NGOs, international organizations, and governmental institutions.